Occurrence of Equine West Nile VirusAmongHorses in Qatar :A Preliminary Investigation

  • M. Haroun Virology Unit, Veterinary Laboratory, Department of Animal Resources, P. O. Box 23211, Ministry of Municipality and Environment, Qatar
  • A. M. Siddiq Section of Animal Quarantine, Department of Animal Resources, P. O. Box 23211, Ministry of Municipality and Environment, Qatar
  • E. A. Farag Department of Communicable Diseases, Ministry of Public Health, Qatar
  • Elyes Dlissi Virology Unit, Veterinary Laboratory, Department of Animal Resources, P. O. Box 23211, Ministry of Municipality and Environment, Qatar
  • A. M. El Hussein Central Veterinary Research Laboratories, P. O. Box 8067, Elamarat, Khartoum, Animal Resources Research Corporation, Ministry of Animal Resources and Fisheries, Sudan
  • H. O. Mohammed Department of Population Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithica, NY, USA

Abstract

West Nile Virus (WNV) is an emerging threat to public health authorities around the globe. WNV is maintained in ecosystems primarily in enzootic cycles involving mosquito vector and avian hosts, with epizootic spread to mammals including horses and humans. Outbreaks of WNV disease in mammals have been associated with significant losses. The factors that play roles in the evaluation of these outbreaks are not fully known and the disease has not been reported in Qatar. We carried out a study to determine the prevalence of exposure to WNV in the State of Qatar and identify the factors that are likely to associate with seroconverion.

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Published
2017-02-08
How to Cite
Haroun, M., Siddiq, A. M., Farag, E. A., Dlissi, E., El Hussein, A. M., & Mohammed, H. O. (2017). Occurrence of Equine West Nile VirusAmongHorses in Qatar :A Preliminary Investigation. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 13(3). Retrieved from https://eujournal.org/index.php/esj/article/view/8777