Résultats De La Trabéculectomie Dans Le Glaucome Infantile Au Chu Campus De Lomé (Togo)

Nidain Maneh, Kokou Vonor, Bénédicte Marèbe Diatewa, Nonon Saa Kassoula Batomaguela, Kokou Messan Amedomé, Yawa Edebah Nagbe, Ayena Koffi Didier, Meba Banla, Komi Patrice Balo

Abstract


Purpose: To evaluate the results of the trabeculectomy without antimitotic in children aged 5 to 15 years and identify the factors of success of this technique. Method: we have conducted a retrospective study based on records of children of 5 to 15 years, operated from January 2011 to December 2013 for glaucoma excepted congenital glaucoma. The trabeculectomy was performed without antimitotic and the follow up was done during 6 months. Nineteen children (35 eyes) were included over 23 children (43 eyes) operated. Surgical success was defined for intra ocular (IOP) ≤ 20mmhg (target pressure) pressure associated with a pressure reduction over 30% with or without topical medication and major postoperative complications. Results: On the 19 included Sham children (35 eyes) the mean age was 9.05 years [5;15], 11 were of boys and 8 girls and the sex ratio was 0.73. The mean cup/disc of the papillary excavation was 0.54 [0.2; 0.8]. The mean preoperative IOP was 20.08 mm Hg [11;30]. Postoperative complications was seen in 17% (6 eyes) with 11.4% (4 eyes) of hypothalamy. The mean post operative IOP at 6 months was 12.86 mm Hg [10; 23]. The success rate was 62.86% (22 eyes). IOP control was the only factor influencing the success of surgery (p = 0. 0055). Conclusion: The trabeculectomy without antimitotic allowed a substantial reduction in IOP. The control of IOP determine the success of the surgery at 6 months. The spreading of the technique with the use of an antimitotic will optimize our results.

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