Les Difficultés Des Apprenants Marocains À Mobiliser Les Facteurs Temps Et Espace En Géologie : Cas Des Fossiles

  • Imane Chmanti-Houari Laboratoire de Didactique, d’Innovation Pédagogique et Curriculaire (LADIPEC), Faculté des sciences Dhar Mahraz. Fès, Université Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah, Fès, Maroc
  • Mohammed Oudrhiri Hassani Laboratoire de Didactique, d’Innovation Pédagogique et Curriculaire (LADIPEC), Faculté des sciences Dhar Mahraz. Fès, Université Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah, Fès, Maroc
  • Hassan Lachkhem Laboratoire de Géosystèmes et Développement Durable (GDD), Faculté des sciences Dhar Mahraz. Fès, Université Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah. Fès, Maroc

Abstract

This work aims at diagnosing the Moroccan high school students’ difficulties in perceiving and mobilizing the time and space parameters, particularly through the study of the concepts of fossils. To attain our objective, first, an analysis was carried out on Life and Earth Science programs in Moroccan high school. Then, the results achieved by the Nominal Group Technique (NGT) have enabled us to elaborate a questionnaire related to the concept of fossils. These investigation tools affirm that the students have difficulties in assimilating and mobilizing the time and space parameters, particularly while overvaluing the time factor at the expense of the space one, a confusion in the mobilization of the temporal scales and inability to imagine the succession in time and space of the different stages of the fossilization. To reduce the difficulties faced by the learners, we suggest some pedagogical solutions.

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Published
2017-05-31
How to Cite
Chmanti-Houari, I., Hassani, M. O., & Lachkhem, H. (2017). Les Difficultés Des Apprenants Marocains À Mobiliser Les Facteurs Temps Et Espace En Géologie : Cas Des Fossiles. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 13(13), 303. https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2017.v13n13p303