Performance of the Pension Fund Companies: Evidence from Turkey
AbstractThe individual pension funds not only complementary to public pension systems but also an important tool in order to meet the long-term funding needs of economies. Although not having a long history, the individual pension fund system, which has been practiced in various countries around the world for many years, has become one of the important elements of the economy in Turkey since October 27, 2003. The individual pension fund system is managed by private insurance companies and monitored by government authorities in Turkey. Therefore, these funds must be well managed and their performances should be closely monitored by either investors or governments in terms of contribution to economic progress. In this paper, the performance ratios of each individual pension funds and the pension fund companies’ performances were analyzed for the 2010-2016 period. Due to the new individual pension funds are comprised of different research periods, we created 4 different research sample windows (2010- 2016; 2011-2016; 2012-2016; 2013-2016), in order to understand the performance of the pension fund companies. In the analyses, Sharpe, Sortino ratios, Treynor, Jensen indexes, and M2 performance measure are calculated for each individual pension fund based on research sample windows. In order to comprehend performances of the companies, the performance ratios of funds are clustered into two groups as positive and negative, and then the averages of both clusters are calculated for 11 different private pension fund companies. Within the scope of this study, 146 individual pension funds held by 11 pension fund companies were used and the pension funds daily return data gathered from The Capital Markets Board’s database. The daily riskfree rate and market return data obtained from Bloomberg data terminal. The conclusion of the study reveals that all techniques illustrate similar results according to averaged positive and averaged negative performance ratios for each research sample window. The results of positive averages show that AVIVA and VAKIF outperformed other companies.
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How to Cite
Aygoren, H., Uyar, U., & Kelten, G. S. (2017). Performance of the Pension Fund Companies: Evidence from Turkey. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 13(10). https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2017.v13n10p%p