Investigating the Relationship Between Financial Integration and Economic Growth in the East African Community

  • Onesmus Mutunga Nzioka PhD Candidate and Tutorial fellow, University of Nairobi

Abstract

This study set out to investigate the relationship between financial
integration and economic growth in the EAC community states. Secondary
data on financial integration and GDP was obtained from worldbank and the
East African Community(EAC) community secretariat. The data was
subjected to simple linear regression and correlation analysis to achieve the
set objective. The study found that, Gross capital flow to GDP (financial
openness) is positively correlated to economic growth (r=0.2093, p <0.05).
The study also found that, 3.98% of the variations in economic growth, as
measured by GDP per capita, within the countries are explained by financial
integration, as measured by the ratio of gross capital flows, 38.98% of the
variations in economic growth between the countries are explained by
financial integration while 4.38% of the variations in economic growth of the
East African communityEAC as an economic bloc (considering panel data)
are explained by financial integration. The findings confirm that, when
capital flows increase, economic growth also increases, pointing to the
necessity of the East African member states to explore ways of increasing the
capital flows between the countries. The researcher recommends conducting
of a comparative study between the old and the new EAC to establish
whether the inclusion of Rwanda and Burundi, has had any positive impact
(catalyzed) on the level of financial integration and economic growth.

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Published
2017-07-31
How to Cite
Nzioka, O. M. (2017). Investigating the Relationship Between Financial Integration and Economic Growth in the East African Community. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 13(19), 249. https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2017.v13n19p249