POLITICAL SOCIALIZATION AND NATION BUILDING: THE CASE OF NIGERIA

  • Uche Bright Odoemelam Sociology/Anthropology Department, Benson Idahosa University, Benin City, Nigeria
  • Ebiuwa Aisien Political Science Department, Benson Idahosa University, Benin City, Nigeria

Abstract

The thrust of the paper is to examine the relationship between political socialization and political culture in crystallizing the process of nation building in Nigerian society. The developmental implications of the synergy provided drive for the paper. The paper argued that nationalism encouraged national consciousness and unity that made it possible for the nationalist leaders to emancipate Nigerian society from the shackles of colonialism. Thus, their failure to sustain nationalism on attainment of political independence in 1960, accounted for the inability of the nationalist leaders to mobilize the citizenry through political socialization to evolve right political culture supportive of the political system. This phenomenon created the problem of nation building. The implication was the failure of Nigerian peoples regardless of their individual ethnic, class, religions or linguistic differences to come to identify with the symbols and institutions of the state and share a common sense of destiny. The paper contested that the class character and interests of the nationalist leaders were antithetical to national unity and progress. It was characterized by ethnicity, greed for political power and wealth to the detriment of survival of Nigerian society. These phenomena engendered unhealthy political rivalry among political parties already formed along ethnic cleavages. The paper concluded that given this state of affairs, it was difficult for the nationalist leaders to politically socialize Nigerians to evolve the right political culture necessary for nation building.

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Published
2013-04-30
How to Cite
Odoemelam, U. B., & Aisien, E. (2013). POLITICAL SOCIALIZATION AND NATION BUILDING: THE CASE OF NIGERIA. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 9(11). https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2013.v9n11p%p