Prise En Charge Des Anévrismes Artériels Dans Un Centre Africain Non Spécialisée

  • James Didier L. Département de Chirurgie et Spécialités Chirurgicales, Hôpital National de Niamey.
  • Abdoulaye MB. Département de Chirurgie et Spécialités Chirurgicales, Hôpital National de Niamey.
  • Bako H. Département de Cardiologie, Exploration Cardiovasculaire, Hôpital National de Niamey
  • Ide K. Département de Chirurgie et Spécialités Chirurgicales, Hôpital National de Niamey.
  • Saidou A. Département de Chirurgie et Spécialités Chirurgicales, Hôpital National de Niamey.
  • Ide G. Département de Chirurgie et Spécialités Chirurgicales, Hôpital National de Niamey.
  • Hama Y. Département de Chirurgie et Spécialités Chirurgicales, Hôpital National de Niamey.
  • Sani Rabiou Département de Chirurgie et Spécialités Chirurgicales, Hôpital National de Niamey.
  • Chaibou MS. Département d’anesthésie, de Réanimation et des Urgences, Hôpital National de Niamey
  • Daddy H. Département d’anesthésie, de Réanimation et des Urgences, Hôpital National de Niamey
  • Adakal O. Faculté des Sciences de la Santé de l’Université de Maradi /Niger
  • Sidibe T. Service de Radiologie à l’hôpital national de Niamey, Niger
  • Ouaissi M. Service de Chirurgie Digestive, Oncologique, Endocrinienne Et Transplantation Hépatique, Tours, France.
  • Harouna Y. Département de Chirurgie Et Spécialités Chirurgicales, Hôpital National de Niamey.
  • Abarchi H. Département de Chirurgie et Spécialités Chirurgicales, Hôpital National de Lamorde, Niamey
  • Sani R. Département de Chirurgie et Spécialités Chirurgicales, Hôpital National de Niamey.

Abstract

Introduction: Arterial aneurysms affect 7 to 8% of people over 65 in the West and are the 2nd leading cause of death in these countries. In Africa this frequency is poorly evaluated. The objective of this work is to report the management of arterial aneurysms at the National Hospital of Niamey (HNN). Patients and methods: This was a retrospective, descriptive study over a period of eight (8) years from January 2009 to December 2016, performed in the surgical departments of the National Hospital of Niamey. Included in the study were patients of both sexes, hospitalized and / or operated for arterial aneurysm. Not included were patients treated for arterial aneurysm with incomplete records or those concerning the neurosurgical sphere. Results: During the study period, 17,748 patients were hospitalized in the general surgery departments, including 16 patients for arterial aneurysm, or 0.09% of surgical pathologies. There were 13 men (81.25%) and 3 women (18.75%), or a sex ratio of 4.33. The average age was 55.75 years with extremes ranging from 25 years old to 90 years old. The circumstances of discovery of the aneurysms were swelling of the antero-internal aspect of the thigh in 7 cases (43.75%), abdominal mass 6 cases (37.50%), then 2 cases (12.50%) of chest pain and incidental discovery in 1cas (6.25%). The most common risk factor was high blood pressure with 43.75% (7 cases). The aneurysm sat on the femoral artery in 43.75% (n = 7), of which 6 on the deep femoral and 1 on the superficial femoral, on the infrarenal aorta in 31.25% (n = 5), on thoracic aorta 12.50% (n = 2), on the iliac artery 12.50% (n = 2). For the diagnosis the angioscanner is realized in all the patients and in addition Doppler ultrasound in 43, 75% of cases. Twelve (12) patients benefited from curative surgical intervention by prosthetic graft by PTFE in 58.33% of cases and by Dacron in 41.66%. The average stay was 29.75 days and the immediate operative followup was complicated by thrombosis in 12.5% and parietal suppurations in 6.25%. We recorded two (2) deaths, ie 12.5% among non-operated patients. Conclusion: Arterial aneurysms are rare diseases at the HNN. Conventional surgery is the treatment performed in our patients. The postoperative course was simple in most cases.

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Published
2018-01-31
How to Cite
L., J. D., MB., A., H., B., K., I., A., S., G., I., Y., H., Rabiou, S., MS., C., H., D., O., A., T., S., M., O., Y., H., H., A., & R., S. (2018). Prise En Charge Des Anévrismes Artériels Dans Un Centre Africain Non Spécialisée. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 14(3), 573. https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2018.v14n3p573

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