Cholécystectomies Laparoscopiques Pour Cholécystite Aigue Lithiasique Versus Lithiase Vésiculaire Symptomatique

  • James Didier L. Département de Chirurgie et Spécialités Chirurgicales, Hôpital National de Niamey
  • Ide K. Département de Chirurgie et Spécialités Chirurgicales, Hôpital National de Niamey
  • Adama S. Département de Chirurgie et Spécialités Chirurgicales, Hôpital National de Niamey
  • Hama Y. Département de Chirurgie et Spécialités Chirurgicales, Hôpital National de Niamey
  • Abdoulaye MB. Département de Chirurgie et Spécialités Chirurgicales, Hôpital National de Niamey
  • Chaibou MS. Département d’anesthésie, de Réanimation et des Urgences, Hôpital National de Niamey
  • Dady H. Département d’anesthésie, de Réanimation et des Urgences, Hôpital National de Niamey
  • Adakal O. Faculté des Sciences de la Santé de l’Université de Maradi, Niger
  • Idé G. Département de Chirurgie et Spécialités Chirurgicales, Hôpital National de Niamey
  • Maarouf MI. Maternité Issaka Gazobi, Services des Urgences. Niamey
  • Sidibé T. Département de Radiologie Hôpital National de Niamey
  • Harouna Y. Département de Chirurgie et Spécialités Chirurgicales, Hôpital National de Niamey
  • Abarchi H. Département de Chirurgie et Spécialités Chirurgicales, Hôpital National Lamorde, Niamey
  • Sani R. Département de Chirurgie et Spécialités Chirurgicales, Hôpital National de Niamey

Abstract

Introduction: The aim of this work was to highlight the therapeutic and prognostic difficulties between a laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute gallstone cholecystitis (CAL) and uncomplicated symptomatic vesicular lithiasis (LVS) as well as the reasons for conversion to laparotomy. Patients and Methods: This was a prospective comparative and analytic study over 18 months. Patients admitted and operated for CAL or LVS in the A Surgery Department of the National Hospital of Niamey (HNN) were included. Results: The study involved 61 patients divided into two groups. Group 1 (30 patients) corresponding to patients operated for CAL, group 2 (31 patients) corresponding to patients operated for LVS. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy accounted for 61% of all cholecystectomies performed and 1.45% of surgical activity during the same period. The average age in group 1 was 43.7 years with extremes of 14 and 61 years. In group 2, the average age was 38.9 years with extremes ranging from 12 to 55 years. Women were predominantly represented with 63.3% and 96.7% respectively for groups 1 and 2. Patients were overweight in 9 cases for group 1 (30% of cases) and 12 cases in group 2 (38%), 7% of cases). Hepatic colic was the main sign of appeal in all patients in both groups. In group 1; 26 out of 30 cases or 86.7% of cases had leukocytosis, whereas in group 2, leukocytosis was normal in 30 cases, ie 96.8% of cases. Accessibility of the vesicle was difficult in 73.3% of cases in group 1 against 22.6% of cases in group 2. The vesicle was distended and necrotic in groups 1 in 76.7% and 10 respectively. % of cases. On the other hand, in 25.8% of cases, the vesicle was distended and without any necrosis in group 2. The rate of conversion to laparotomy was 6.55% (4 cases) and exclusively concerned group 1. Operative follow-up immediate outcomes were simple in 98.34% of cases. The complications involved 2 patients in group 1 (1.66% of the total), including parietal suppuration and biliary leakage. Mean operative time was 68.7 min in group 1 versus 41.6 min in group 2. Mean duration of hospitalization was 4.3 days with extremes between 2 and 10 days in group 1 versus1,7 days with extremes ranging from 1 to 7 days in group 2. Mortality was zero. Conclusion: In recent years, laparoscopic surgery has made remarkable progress in Niger. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy seems to be more difficult to perform with significant morbidity in the case of CAL than LVS. The risk of per and postoperative complications can be estimated from the clinical data (acute cholecystitis or symptomatic vesicular lithiasis) and the surgeon's experience. In a cholecystectomy that lasts more than 2 hours, the cumulative risk of complications is higher

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Published
2018-02-28
How to Cite
L., J. D., K., I., S., A., Y., H., MB., A., MS., C., H., D., O., A., G., I., MI., M., T., S., Y., H., H., A., & R., S. (2018). Cholécystectomies Laparoscopiques Pour Cholécystite Aigue Lithiasique Versus Lithiase Vésiculaire Symptomatique. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 14(6), 238. https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2018.v14n6p238

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