Italian Society and Gender Role Stereotypes. How Stereotypical Beliefs Concerning Males and Females are Still Present in Italian People at the Beginning of the Third Millennium

  • Adriana Ostuni Writer, Social Science Scholar
  • Giuseppina Sacco Department of Economics and Finance, University of Bari, Italy
  • Pietro Sacco Department of Economics and Finance, University of Bari, Italy
  • Alfonso Zizza Department of Economics and Finance, University of Bari, Italy
Keywords: Italy, society, discrimination, gender role stereotypes

Abstract

There are many forms of discrimination in our society. Why is more attention being paid to discrimination against women with awareness-raising debates, public demonstrations, and more? Women’s discrimination against men is discrimination, too!  To cope with this growing phenomenon, it is necessary to understand the roots from which it originates and is fed. Gender role stereotypes may be responsible for this (Ostuni, 2017).  In this work, thanks to a survey carried out by ISTAT in 2019 (referred to 2018) on the male and female Italian population aged between 18 and 74 years old, it will be explained if and how our society is "trapped" in stereotypical beliefs. The results obtained show that Italy is divided into two parts and that in the north-central regions stereotypes are less rooted than in the southern ones. The phenomenon is less widespread, for both sexes, both as they grow in age and when they have a higher educational degree. In this context, as far as family society, and the economy is concerned, the role of women aissubordinate to men, especially in the South. As stereotypes are responsible for different forms of discrimination against women, a possible way to establish fair gender equality can be obtained by eliminating them and bringing down the prevailing patriarchal culture.

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Published
2022-05-31
How to Cite
Ostuni, A., Sacco, G., Sacco, P., & Zizza, A. (2022). Italian Society and Gender Role Stereotypes. How Stereotypical Beliefs Concerning Males and Females are Still Present in Italian People at the Beginning of the Third Millennium. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 18(16), 1. https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2022.v18n16p1
Section
ESJ Humanities