Dynamique De La Population De La Crevette D’eau Douce Atya Scabra (Leach, 1815) (Decapoda: Atyidae) Dans La Rivière Bia, Région Du Sud-Comoé (Côte d’Ivoire)

Vincent Kadjo, Assoi O. Etchian, Jean-Noel Yapi, Atcho Otchoumou, Aka Jean-Paul Agnissan, Melecony C. Blé

Abstract


The parameters of growth, mortality, the exploitation and the recruitment of Atya scabra (Leach, 1815) as traditionally fished in the Bia river, were studied. These parameters were determined from the size frequencies by the FiSAT II software. The results obtained at the specimens of Aboisso were:= 156,45 mm, K = 1,50 year -1, Φ' = 4,56, Z = 5,72 year -1, M = 1,48 year -1, F = 4,24 year -1 and E = 0,74 year -1. In Biaka, theestimated values were: L = 140,7 mm, K = 0,68 year -1, Φ' = 4,13, Z = 1,52year -1, M = 0,91 year -1, F = 0,61 year -1 and E = 0,40 year -1 . Aboisso specimens have a higher growth performance index (Φ') than Biaka's and a weak longevity (tmax = 2 years) compared to Biaka (tmax = 4.41 years). Shrimps are under exploited in the locality of Biaka (E 0.5). Total mortality is higher in Aboisso than in Biaka. However, the survival rate recorded in Aboisso (S = 0.003 years) is lower than that of Biaka (S = 0.22 years). Recruitment is continuous throughout the year, with two peaks (a major peak in September and a minor peak in February) in Aboisso. As for Biaka, the presence of a normal distribution indicates that recruitment is single. These results will serve as a database for rational management of A. scabra.



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European Scientific Journal (ESJ)

 

ISSN: 1857-7881 (Print)
ISSN: 1857-7431 (Online)

 

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