Vol 14, No 12 (2018)

ESJ April Edition

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19044/esj.2018.v14n12

Table of Contents

Articles

Editorial Office
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Xue Han, Gary Barber, Zhenpu Zhang, Bingxu Wang, Jian Zhu, Jing Shi, Xichen Sun
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1
Francisco Javier Oñate, Luis Fiallos, Nelson Duchi, Alex Villafuerte, Isabel Peñafiel, Ángel Flores, Klever Morales
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15
Juan Francisco Aguirre Chavez, Perla Jannet Jurado Garcia, Susana Ivonne Aguirre Vasquez, Jose Rene Blanco Ornelas
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25
Cuauhtémoc Pozos Vázquez, Patricia Blanco Padilla, Martha Ofelia Mercado González, Gustavo Abraham Velez Martínez
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37
Kafui Yolande Ella Anani, Abla Déla Mondedji, Komina Amevoin, Christophe Bressac, Isabelle Adolé Glitho
48
L. Estelle Brun, Djego J. Gaudence, Moussa Gibigaye, Brice Tente
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59
Soumaia Hmimou, Hinde Hami, Rachid Hmimou, Abdelmajid Soulaymani, Abdelrhani Mokhtari, Rachida Soulaymani-Bencheikh
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78
Sawadogo Zounabo Épouse Kouyate, Yao Casimir Brou, Gneneyougo Emile Soro, Bi Tié Albert Goula
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89
Kherief Nacereddine S., Djeddi H., Benayache N. Y., Afri-Mehennaoui F. Z.
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111
Amina Azouagh, Rabei El Bardai, Ismael. Hilal, Jamal. Stitou el Messari
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130
Charles Sékpa Dekoula, Brou Kouame, Emmanuel Kouadio N’goran, Fernand Guy Yao, Jean-Noël Ehounou, Nagnin Soro
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143
Aboubacar Kolafane, Douma Soumana, Adamou Mahaman Moustapha, Hama Insa Abdoulaye, Agundez Dolores, Sidikou Djermakoye Seyni Ramatou
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160
Kerich J. Caroline, Kemei K. William, Cherop K. Cleophas
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176
Sylvie Codjia, Augustin Aoudji, Kourouma Koura, Jean Cossi Ganglo
188
Prince Kubi Appiah, Georgina Agartha Fenu, Geoffrey Adebayo Asalu, Wilson Mensah Dzata, Duut Abdulai Bonchel, Timay Ibrahim Abdul-Rahman, Anthony Zunuo Dongdem
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209
Mohamed Id Halla, Jawad Kassila, El Mustafa Ait Chattou, Yassine Ouaggajou, Fatima El Aamri, Abdelbasset Benbani, Hassan Nhhala
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229
Okunzuwa I. S., Arthur I. I. Ejere
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241
Agbanou Thierry, Paegelow Martin, Toko Imorou Ismaïla, Tente Brice
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248
Hsiu-Chin Lin, Lee-Ing Tsao
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267
Amine Siba, Samir Eljaafari, Faouzia Mokhtari
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283
Narindrarimanana Avisoa Randriamihangy, Raphael Fidelis Randrianarivo, Xavier Delmas Milijaona, Rado Olivier Rakoto Sedson, Solofonirina Rakotoarimanana, Nirina Rabearivony
297
Yaser Adnan Abo Jeesh, Magda El-hadi Ahmad Yousif, Moauya Al-Balal Al-Haboub
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308
Jestoni D. Maniago
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336
Cedric Ligna, Mathieu Moussavou, Karen Bakakas, Michel Mbina, Tomohiko Sato
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347
Arthur Stephane Gnagne, Kiyinlma Coulibaly, N’Guessan Bra Yvette Fofie, Kouadio Bene, Guede Noel Zirihi
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360
Cheikh Tidiane Dione, Ibrahima Diagne, Momar Ndiaye, Cheikhna Diebakate, Birame Ndiaye, Abdoulaye Diop
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374
G. Makhoul, J. Mardini, M. Al Ojaimi, G. AbiFares, P. Hanna, A. Alameddine, H. Feghali, P. Makhoul, J. Saaybi, G. Nicolas, J. Sakka, M. C. Fadous Khalife
384
Kouakou Malanno, Hala Kinampinan Adelphe, Hala N’klo, Dagnogo Mamadou
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392
Paul A. F. Houssou, Pélagie B. Agbobatinkpo, Nestor R. Adjovi Ahoyo, Patrice Y. Adegbola, Abel B. Hotegni, Clovis M. Todohoue, Valère Dansou, Rachidatou Sikirou, Adonaï Gad da Matha Sant’anna, Patrice L. Sewade
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407
Isirima Joshua Charles, Siminialayi Iyeopu Minakiri
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421
Allagoa DO., Agbo OJ., Orluwene CG.
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437
Gnamkoulamba Atama, Tounou Agbéko Kodjo, Tchao Manguilibè, Tchabi Atti, Adjevi Anani Kossi Mawuko, Batawila Komlan
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452