Use of GIS as a Tool for Integrated Water Resources Management in the City of Parakou, Benin

  • Charles Coomlan Hounton Département de Géographie et Aménagement de Territoire, Université de Parakou, Bénin
  • Imorou Ouorou Barre Fousseni Laboratoire d’hydraulique et de Modélisation Environnementale (HydroModE-Lab), Université de Parakou, Bénin
  • Oluwatoyin Yann Dérik Kabore Département de Géographie et Aménagement de Territoire, Université de Parakou, Bénin
  • Tommy Tebessi Département de Géographie et Aménagement de Territoire, Université de Parakou, Bénin
  • Jean-Bosco Vodounou Département de Géographie et Aménagement de Territoire, Université de Parakou, Bénin
Keywords: Water, Resources Management, supply, GIS, Parakou

Abstract

Water, a source of life, is the habitat, food, means of production and transportation and is threatened by irregular rainfall and evaporation. The objective of this study is to contribute with the help of GIS to a better management of water resources in the city of Parakou. To achieve this objective, the methodological approach was based on the collection, processing and analysis of data through the SWOT model. The sample consisted of 109 individuals distributed in the three districts of the city of Parakou. The study revealed that the water resources available in the city of Parakou are of three types (rainwater, surface water and groundwater). These resources are constantly decreasing due to the downward trend in rainfall with a slope of -3.99mm. In addition, the growing population with a growth rate (4.9%) from 2002 to 2013 and the poor use of these resources influence its availability. The unequal distribution of waterworks (58.94%) for the first arrondissement and 41.06% for the other two coupled arrondissements, as well as the unequal distribution of water from the Société Nationale des Eaux du Bénin (SONEB) lead to difficulty in accessing water. Under these conditions, the populations are developing various measures to adapt to the situation. These measures are related to the subscription of households to public water services, the purchase of drinking water, water treatment and water conservation. Given the effectiveness of the measures identified and their limitations, it is important that decision-makers develop a sectoral policy encompassing the construction of water supply infrastructure, better management of structures and support for the reorganization of the drinking water sector.

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References

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Published
2022-07-31
How to Cite
Hounton, C. C., Barre Fousseni, I. O., Dérik Kabore, O. Y., Tebessi, T., & Vodounou, J.-B. (2022). Use of GIS as a Tool for Integrated Water Resources Management in the City of Parakou, Benin. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 18(24), 263. https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2022.v18n24p263
Section
ESJ Natural/Life/Medical Sciences