European Scientific Journal, ESJ

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12.000+ authors from all around the globe        Over 7 million website visits        Open Access


The “European Scientific Journal”, ESJ is a peer reviewed open access journal which accepts high quality research articles. The journal is issued monthly and is available to all researchers who are interested in publishing their scientific attainments. Supporting the concept of interdisciplinarity we welcome submissions in different academic areas. All articles must be in English, French or Spanish and have an English abstract.

In the past few years, thousands of academicians, from over 120 countries around the globe, have published their papers in the European Scientific Journal, ESJ. The excellent and agile team, composed of distinguished researchers, from more than 250 universities worldwide, is crucial to the prestigious status that our journal enjoys.

Every month, three issues of the ESJ are uploaded on our website, embracing different academic disciplines and facilitating the cutting edge concepts of interdisciplinarity, multidisciplinarity and transdisciplinarity. They are:

  • Issue 1: Economics, Law and Education
  • Issue 2: Humanities
  • Issue 3: Life Sciences


Journal Homepage Image

Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice

The European Scientific Journal (“ESJ”) is committed to upholding the highest standards of publication ethics and takes all possible measures against any publication malpractices. All authors submitting their works to the “ESJ” for publication as original articles attest that the submitted works represent their authors’ contributions and have not been copied or plagiarized in whole or in part from other works. The authors acknowledge that they have disclosed all and any actual or potential conflicts of interest with their work or partial benefits associated with it. In the same manner, the “ESJ” is committed to objective and fair peer - review of the submitted for publication works and to prevent any actual or potential conflict of interests between the editorial and review personnel and the reviewed material. Any departures from the above-defined rules should be reported directly to the Editor-in-Chief, who is unequivocally committed to providing swift resolutions to any of such a type of problems.


European Scientific Journal (ESJ)

ISSN: 1857 - 7881 (Print)
ISSN: 1857 - 7431 (Online)




Publisher: European Scientific Institute, ESI.
ESI cooperates with Universities and Academic Centres on 5 continents.







ESJ became a Crossref member. Every article will be entitled with specific DOI number.


ESJ Twitter account


ESJ Reviewer of the year 2015: Antoni Vidal Sune, Rovira i Virgili University, Spain and Gerry Coulter, Bishop’s University, Canada


ESJ/ESI became partners of World Academy of Art and Science


The European Scientific Journal has been included in the Polish Ministry of Education journals` list.


European Scientific Institute, ESI 5th Anniversary.


ESJ Editorial Board 2015


ESJ Special edition. Published papers of Pan-American Interdisciplinary Conference, 13-16 March 2015, Buenos Aires, Argentina.


ESJ Special edition. Published papers of Eurasian Forum on Law and Economics, 19-21 February 2015, Tbilisi, Georgia.


European Scientific Journal, ESJ submission 2014 map


European Scientific Institute, ESI becomes member of ICORE (International Community for Open Research and Education).


Memo of Understanding with Sakarya University/Institute of Educational Sciences, Turkey


Academic Cooperation established with DSEE/Bilkent University, Turkey


Academic Cooperation established with North West University, South Africa


Memorandum of Understanding signed with CITAD/Lusiada University, Lisbon, Portugal


Memorandum of Understanding with Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India


European Scientific Journal, ESJ`s editorial note.


European Scientific Institute, ESI and New York Institute of Tecnology/Center for Global Health, USA have signed Memo of Understanding.


European Scientific Institute, ESI, Promo Video


Cooperation with the Middle East University, Jordan


Cooperation with the University of Almeria, Spain


Cooperation with the University of Flores, Buenos Aires, Argentina


United Nations Academic Impact, membership


Damanhour University, Egypt, partnership


Memo of Understanding with IBAIS University, Bangladesh


Partnership established with University of Madeira, Portugal


Partnership established with UNESCO (World`s Science Day celebration)


Memo of understanding with Mykolas Romeris University, Lithuania


Memo of understanding with Cracow University of Economics, Poland


Memo of understanding with European University of Tirana, Albania


Memo of understanding with Santiago University, Cape Verde


Academic Cooperation established with Arab Open University, Lebanon

July /2013:

Memo of understanding with Botswana Accountancy College, Botswana

June /2013:

Memo of understanding with the European University of Tirana, Albania

May /2013:

ESJ`s Index Copernicus Value, ICV, 2011 = 5.09
European Scientific Journal - IndexCopernicus™ - Journals Master List

April /2013:

"ESJ`s representative office established at the University of the Azores, Portugal (Coordinator: Jose Noronha Rodrigues)

March /2013:

" Call for papers launched, ESJ`s special edition with the Grigol Robakidze University, Tbilisi Georgia" (Project Coordinators: Jovan Shopovski, Nino Kermetelidze)

February /2013:

"Call For Papers", ISF International Scientific Forum, December, 2013,  Tirana, Albania (

January /2013:

"Call For Papers", ESF, Eurasian Scientific FORUM, 24-26 Octiber, 2013,  Tbilisi, Georgia (


Scientific Cooperation with University "Stefan cel Mare", Suceava, Romania


Memo of understanding with Vitrina University, Tirana, Albania


“ESJ” website in September 2012 have been visited by more than 8.000 researchers from more than 60 countries worldwide.


Project: "ESJ" in Spanish. Authors can submit papers in Spanish (with English abstract) (Project coordinator: Mr. Cristian Redi, Professor at the University Torcuato Di Tella, Buenos Aires, Argentina)


"Call For Papers", AIIC Annual international interdisciplinary conference, 24, 25, 26 April, 2013,  Azores Islands, Portugal (


Project: "ESJ" in French. Authors can submit papers in French (with English abstract)
(Project coordinator: Mr. Bouabre Gnoka Modeste, Professor at the University of Cocody, Abidjan Ivory Cost)


Cooperation with GALE - A world leader in e-research and educational publishing


Memo of understanding with Jazan University, Saudi Arabia


EURODOC (European Council of doctoral candidates and junior researchers), Annual General Meeting, 21-25 March 2012, Krakow, Poland


Common project: Joint scientific edition with Univerzity "Grigol Robakidze", Tbilisi, Georgia "ESJ" February 2012 /Special/ edition Vol.8 No.2

(Project coordinator: Mrs. Nino Kemertelidze, Mr. Jovan Shopovski)


"Student Exchange Agreement" and "Memo of Understanding" - Signed by European Scientific Institute and University "Grigol Robakidze", Tbilisi, Georgia


New Office Of International Relations opened: 55 Park Hill Sw4 9ns Clapham Common, London, United Kingdom


"Student Exchange Agreement" - Signed by European Scientific Institute and University of the Azores, Portugal


Cooperation with "PI - NET", Hungary (Postgraduate International Network)


"Memo of Understanding" - Signed by European Scientific Institute and University of the Azores, Portugal


Common project with Univerzity "Grigol Robakidze", Tbilisi, Georgia "ESJ" July /Special/ edition vol.19 and vol.20

(Project coordinator: Mrs. Nino Kemertelidze, Mr. Jovan Shopovski)


Common Project with University "Aleksander Moisiu", Faculty of Education, Durres, Albania "ESJ" June /Special/ edition vol. 16 and vol.17.

(Project coordinator: Mr Edi Puka, Mr.Dejan Marolov)


Common Project with University "Aleksander Moisiu", Faculty for professional studies, Durres, Albania "ESJ" May /Special/ edition vol. 14.

(Project coordinator: Mrs. Kseanela Sotirofski, Mr. Dejan Marolov)


Cooperation with Faculty of Economics, University "Luigj Gurakuqi" , Shkoder, Albania


Cooperation with Faculty of Economics, University of Korca "Fan S Noli" , Albania


Common Project with University "Aleksander Moisiu", Faculty for professional studies, Durres, Albania, "ESJ" April /Special/ edition vol. 11 and vol.12 .

(Project coordinator: Mrs. Kseanela Sotirofski, Mr. Jovan Shopovski)


Conference organized by "Egalite" - Society for equal opportunities, Skopje, Macedonia.

Posted: 2012-06-20 More...
More Announcements...

Vol 12, No 3 (2016): ESJ January Edition

Table of Contents


The “Twin Paradox” Resolved PDF
James Arnold
Studying The Prevalence Of Achieving Therapeutic Goals Of Diabetes Treatment Among Diabetic Patients In Royal Medical Services PDF
Abdulelah Meqbel Almala, Toleen Issam Bisharat, Rawan Abid Alkareem Ababneh, Ola Issa Alkaradsheh, Kholoud Husban, Maisan Mahmoud Hayajneh, Jaafar Abu Abeeleh
L'exploitation Artisanale De L'or En Côte D'ivoire: La Persistance D'une Activite Illegale PDF
Goh Denis
Pression d’inoculum de la maladie des raies noires (MRN) causée par Mycosphaerella fijiensis Morelet, dans les plantations industrielles de bananiers, en Côte d’ivoire PDF
B. Essis, K. Kobenan, S. Traoré, J. Yatty, D. Koné, N. Aby, D.E.F. Thiémélé
La Neurosis: Un Estudio Desde La Subjetividad PDF
José Manuel García Arroyo
Bifurcation Analysis of a Model of Cancer PDF
Abdo M. Al-Mahdi, Mustafa Q. Khirallah
Les particularités du rétinoblastome au Niger PDF
Abba Kaka.H.Y, Sylla F, Ali M.H, Amza A
Traitement Chirurgical Des Fractures Du Fémur De L’enfant PDF
Walla A, Gnassingbe K, Mihleudo-Agbolan K, Zeba ZAA, Goudjo E, Ndougssa I, Akakpo-Numado G K, Tekou H
Importance And Implementation Of Nursing Documentation: Review Study PDF
Osama A Alkouri, Ahed J AlKhatib, Mariam Kawafhah
Mise en évidence d’une phase tectonique au Santonien du versant Nord du Haut Atlas Occidental, Maroc PDF
Ahmed Algouti Pes, Abdellah Algouti Pes, Fatiha Hadach
Valoración De La Composición Química De Fermentación Y Degradabilidad Ruminal In Vitro De Dietas Con Diferentes Inclusiones De Harina De Banano Y Urea PDF
Víctor Godoy Espinoza, Juan Avellaneda Cevallos
Kyste De L’ouraque Infecte : A Propos De Trois Cas Cliniques Au Chu De Parakou Au Benin PDF
Hodonou Montcho Adrien, Allodé Salako Alexandre, Tamou sambo Bio, Ossé Martin, Moumouni Amina, Mensah Emile, Mehinto Kouassi Delphin
Évaluation Comparative De La Qualité Nutritionnelle Et Sanitaire Du Lait De Différentes Races De Vaches De Quelques Zones D’élevage Du Bénin PDF
Joseph Dossou, G. Donald Atchouké, D. Sylvain Dabadé, Paulin Azokpota, Jules Karel Montcho
Assessment of Asthma Control and Severity among Children According to Global Initiative for Asthma Guidelines in Sulaimani City-Iraq PDF
Adnan M. H. Hamawandi, Kosar M Ali, Ali Z. Naji
Etude Ethnobotanique, Evaluation De L’activite Antifongique Sur Candida Albicans Et De La Toxicite Sur Des Cellules Hff De Bersama Abyssinica (Fresen.), Une Plante De La Pharmacopee Ivoirienne PDF
Djeneb Camara, Kouadio Bene, Goueh Gnahoue, N’guessan Bra Yvette Fofie, Guédé Noël Zirihi
Electronic Data Interchange In The Automotive Industry In Morocco : Toward The Optimization Of Logistics Information Flows PDF
Jardini Bahija, Elkyal Malika, Amri Mostapha
Cartographie De La Salinite A La Surface Du Sol Dans Une Zone Du Prerif. Cas De La Region De L’ouergha PDF
Mohamed Sadiki, Amal Markhi, Hicham Elbelrhiti, Souad Mrabet
Effect Of Cobalt’s Chloride On The Optical Properties Of Poly (O-Toluidine) And Study Of It’s Organic/Inorganic Solar Cell PDF
R. K. Alfahed, K. I. Ajeel, A. K. Hassan
Optimal Timing for Capturing Satellite Thermal Images of Asphalt Object PDF
Toufic Abd El-Latif Sadek, Yousef Attalah, Ghaleb Faour
Profil Epidemiologique De La Leishmaniose Cutanee Dans La Region Du Gharb- Maroc De 2006 À 2014 PDF
Aziz El Aasri, Alaoui Zakaria, Khadija El Kharrim, Driss Belghyti, Yassine Aqachmar, Mohamed Hadji
Caractérisation Sédimentologique Et Minéralogique Des Formations Du Tertiaire-Quaternaire De La Région D’anyama Au Sud De La Côte d’Ivoire PDF
Kra Akoua Clarisse, Assale Fori Yao Paul, Yao N’Goran Jean-Paul, Monde Sylvain, Aka Kouamé
Synthesis, Characterization, Thermal Studies, and Molecular Structure of New Metal Complexes of Dehydroacetic Acid Hydrazone PDF
Tahani I. Kashar, Amal H. El-Sehli

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European Scientific Journal (ESJ)

ISSN: 1857 - 7881 (Print)
ISSN: 1857 - 7431 (Online)



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Publisher: European Scientific Institute, ESI.
ESI cooperates with Universities and Academic Centres on 5 continents.