European Scientific Journal, ESJ

20.000+ authors from all around the globe            Over 8 million website visits               Open Access

ESJ is a peer-reviewed mega journal, which accepts high quality academic articles. The journal is issued monthly and is available for all the researchers who are interested in publishing their scientific achievements. Supporting the concept of interdisciplinarity we welcome submissions in different academic areas.

In the past few years, thousands of academicians, from over 120 countries around the globe, have published their papers in the European Scientific Journal, ESJ. The excellent and agile team, composed of distinguished researchers, from more than 450 universities worldwide, is crucial to the prestigious status that our journal enjoys.

Every month, three issues of the ESJ are uploaded on our website, embracing different academic disciplines and facilitating the cutting edge concepts of interdisciplinarity, multidisciplinarity and transdisciplinarity. They are:

Issue 1: Economics, Law and Education
Issue 2: Humanities
Issue 3: Life Sciences.


Journal Homepage Image

Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice


The European Scientific Journal (ESJ) is committed to upholding the highest standards of publication ethics and takes all possible measures against any publication malpractices. All authors submitting their works to the ESJ for publication as original articles attest that the submitted works represent their authors contributions and have not been copied or plagiarized in whole or in part from other works. The authors acknowledge that they have disclosed all and any actual or potential conflicts of interest with their work or partial benefits associated with it. In the same manner, the ESJ is committed to objective and fair peer - review of the submitted for publication works and to prevent any actual or potential conflict of interests between the editorial and review personnel and the reviewed material. Any departures from the above-defined rules should be reported directly to the Editor-in-Chief, who is unequivocally committed to providing swift resolutions to any of such a type of problems.


European Scientific Journal (ESJ)

 

ISSN: 1857 - 7881 (Print)
ISSN: 1857 - 7431 (Online)

 

Contact: contact@eujournal.org

To make sure that you can receive messages from us, please add the 'eujournal.org' domain to your e-mail 'safe list'. If you do not receive e-mail in your 'inbox', check your 'bulk mail' or 'junk mail' folders.




Publisher: European Scientific Institute, ESI.
ESI cooperates with Universities and Academic Centres on 5 continents.
Offices: Portugal, Macedonia, Argentina
Email: contact@eujournal.org

Announcements

 

News

 

October/2018:

8 members of the ESJ editorial board have attended the 13th International Scientific Forum, ISF 4-6 October in Fez, Morocco.

September/2018:

7 members of the ESJ editorial board have attended the 8th Eurasian Multidisciplinary Forum, EMF 6-7 September in Tbilisi, Georgia.

August/2018:

Belen Martinez-Ferrer, a Professor at Pablo Olavide University in Spain, is appointed an ESJ associate editor. Her Google Scholar profile at the following link https://scholar.google.bg/citations?user=bBDrHL8AAAAJ&hl=en&oi=ao

July/2018:

ESJ`s citation impact in 2018, according to Google Scholar: h5-index 31 h5-median 46 https://scholar.google.bg/citations? hl=en&view_op=list_hcore&venue=MQTZLImPvHEJ.2018

April/2018:

10 members of the ESJ editorial board have attended during the 12th International Scientific Forum, ISF 26-27 April in Prague.

January/2018:

Dr. Antonio Pulido Bosch, Professor at the University of Almeria, Spain and Dr. Pilar Caceres Reche, Professor at the University of Granada, Spain are appointed ESJ associate editors.

January/2018:

ESJ Reviewers of the year 2017:

Sabina Riboldazzi
University of Milano-Bicocca, Italy

Szczepan Figiel
University of Warmia, Poland

Marie-Noelle Albert
University of Quebec at Rimouski, Canada

Shadaan Abid
UT Southwestern Medical Center, USA

Kiluba L. Nkulu
University of Kentucky, USA

Aicha El Alaoui
Sultan My Slimane University, Morocco

November/2017:

15 ESJ/ESI reviewers are present at the 9th International Scientific Forum, ISF 2017 at the University of Cambridge, UK.

October/2017:

10 ESJ/ESI reviewers have attended the 7h Eurasian Multidisciplinary Forum, EMF 2017 at Grigol Robakidze University in Tbilisi, Georgia.

September/2017:

11 ESJ/ESI reviewers have attended the 8th International Scientific Forum, ISF at the University of North Carolina at Pembroke.
https://www.facebook.com/pg/European-Scientific-Institute-154043224805008/photos/?tab=album&album_id=684857625056896

July/2017:

ESJ citation impact in 2017, according to Google Scholar: h-index 26 h-median 32
https://scholar.google.com/citations?hl=en&view_op=list_hcore&venue=MQTZLImPvHEJ.2017

June/2017:

Dr. Tiffany T. Boury, professor at Franciscan University of Steubenvile, USA, has been appointed associate editor for the European Scientific Journal, ESJ.

March/2017:

Read the interview with Dr. Monika Bolek. One of the ESJ`s outstanding reviewers.

March/2017:

ESI/ESJ signed a Memo of Understanding with Autonomous University of Ciudad Juarez, Mexico.

January/2017:

ESJ 2016 Reviewers of the year:

Jelena Zascerinska, University of Latvia, Latvia

Juan Antonio Lopez NunezUniversity of Granada, Spain

Tiffany T. Boury, Franciscan University of Steubenville, USA

Anita Auzina, Latvia University of Agriculture, Latvia

Driss Bouyahya, University Moulay Ismail, Morocco

December/2016:

Disclaimer: The European Scientific Journal, ESJ did not publish an article on 9/11 attacks.PDF

November/2016:

In the process of delivering high quality academic content ESJ also cooperates with Cengage Learning.

September/2016:

Disclaimer: The European Scientific Journal, ESJ did not publish an article on 9/11 attacks.PDF

July/2016:

Invited Editorial: Responding to Incivility in the Classroom: A Case Study
http://eujournal.org/index.php/esj/article/view/7715/7436 Rabow, Jerome (UCLA Emeritus prof.) and Keisha E. Payne (UCLA, BA)

July/2016:

ESJ citation h-index, calculated by Google Scholar.
https://scholar.google.com/citations?hl=en&view_op=list_hcore&venue=MQTZLImPvHEJ.2016

May/2016:

ESJ hard copies global dissemination. Photos arrived from Mexico. Share your photos with the ESJ editorial office.
https://twitter.com/CarrillOrtegon/status/724700193883623424

May/2016:

ESI/ESJ signed an agreement for content preservation with Portico.

March/2016:

Cpanel Awstats: In the month of March 2016 ESJ website visits: 275,243 by people from 206 Countries or territories.

February/2016:

ESJ became a Crossref member. Every article will be entitled with specific DOI number.

January/2016:

ESJ Twitter account https://twitter.com/EuropeanSj

January/2016:

ESJ Reviewer of the year 2015: Antoni Vidal Sune, Rovira i Virgili University, Spain and Gerry Coulter, Bishop’s University, Canada

November/2015:

ESJ/ESI became partners of World Academy of Art and Science
http://www.worldacademy.org/content/waas-partnerships

October/2015:

The European Scientific Journal has been included in the Polish Ministry of Education journals` list. https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/journals/47668

September/2015:

European Scientific Institute, ESI 5th Anniversary.

July/2015:

ESJ Editorial Board 2015

May/2015:

ESJ Special edition. Published papers of Pan-American Interdisciplinary Conference, 13-16 March 2015, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

April/2015:

ESJ Special edition. Published papers of Eurasian Forum on Law and Economics, 19-21 February 2015, Tbilisi, Georgia.

March/2015:

European Scientific Journal, ESJ submission 2014 map

February/2015:

European Scientific Institute, ESI becomes member of ICORE (International Community for Open Research and Education).

January/2015:

Memo of Understanding with Sakarya University/Institute of Educational Sciences, Turkey

November/2014:

Academic Cooperation established with DSEE/Bilkent University, Turkey

October/2014:

Academic Cooperation established with North West University, South Africa

September/2014:

Memorandum of Understanding signed with CITAD/Lusiada University, Lisbon, Portugal

August/2014:

Memorandum of Understanding with Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India

July/2014:

European Scientific Journal, ESJ`s editorial note.

June/2014:

European Scientific Institute, ESI and New York Institute of Tecnology/Center for Global Health, USA have signed Memo of Understanding.

May/2014:

European Scientific Institute, ESI, Promo Video
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Oxn_67BwJfw

April/2014:

Cooperation with the Middle East University, Jordan

March/2014:

Cooperation with the University of Almeria, Spain

February/2014:

Cooperation with the University of Flores, Buenos Aires, Argentina

January/2014:

United Nations Academic Impact, membership

December/2013:

Damanhour University, Egypt, partnership

November/2013:

Memo of Understanding with IBAIS University, Bangladesh

November/2013:

Partnership established with University of Madeira, Portugal

November/2013:

Partnership established with UNESCO (World`s Science Day celebration)

November/2013:

Memo of understanding with Mykolas Romeris University, Lithuania

October/2013:

Memo of understanding with Cracow University of Economics, Poland

October/2013:

Memo of understanding with European University of Tirana, Albania

September/2013:

Memo of understanding with Santiago University, Cape Verde

August/2013:

Academic Cooperation established with Arab Open University, Lebanon

July /2013:

Memo of understanding with Botswana Accountancy College, Botswana

June /2013:

Memo of understanding with the European University of Tirana, Albania

May /2013:

ESJ`s Index Copernicus Value, ICV, 2011 = 5.09
European Scientific Journal - IndexCopernicus™ - Journals Master List
http://journals.indexcopernicus.com/passport.php?id=6708

April /2013:

"ESJ`s representative office established at the University of the Azores, Portugal (Coordinator: Jose Noronha Rodrigues)

March /2013:

" Call for papers launched, ESJ`s special edition with the Grigol Robakidze University, Tbilisi Georgia" (Project Coordinators: Jovan Shopovski, Nino Kermetelidze)

February /2013:

"Call For Papers", ISF International Scientific Forum, December, 2013,  Tirana, Albania (http://isforum.us/)

January /2013:

"Call For Papers", ESF, Eurasian Scientific FORUM, 24-26 Octiber, 2013,  Tbilisi, Georgia (http://emforum.eu/)

December/2012:

Scientific Cooperation with University "Stefan cel Mare", Suceava, Romania

November/2012:

Memo of understanding with Vitrina University, Tirana, Albania

September/2012:

“ESJ” website www.eujournal.org in September 2012 have been visited by more than 8.000 researchers from more than 60 countries worldwide.

August/2012:

Project: "ESJ" in Spanish. Authors can submit papers in Spanish (with English abstract) (Project coordinator: Mr. Cristian Redi, Professor at the University Torcuato Di Tella, Buenos Aires, Argentina)

July/2012:

"Call For Papers", AIIC Annual international interdisciplinary conference, 24, 25, 26 April, 2013,  Azores Islands, Portugal (http://aiiconference.net)

June/2012:

Project: "ESJ" in French. Authors can submit papers in French (with English abstract)
(Project coordinator: Mr. Bouabre Gnoka Modeste, Professor at the University of Cocody, Abidjan Ivory Cost)

May/2012:

Cooperation with GALE - A world leader in e-research and educational publishing

April/2012:

Memo of understanding with Jazan University, Saudi Arabia

March/2012:

EURODOC (European Council of doctoral candidates and junior researchers), Annual General Meeting, 21-25 March 2012, Krakow, Poland

February/2012:

Common project: Joint scientific edition with Univerzity "Grigol Robakidze", Tbilisi, Georgia "ESJ" February 2012 /Special/ edition Vol.8 No.2

(Project coordinator: Mrs. Nino Kemertelidze, Mr. Jovan Shopovski)

December/2011

"Student Exchange Agreement" and "Memo of Understanding" - Signed by European Scientific Institute and University "Grigol Robakidze", Tbilisi, Georgia

December/2011

New Office Of International Relations opened: 55 Park Hill Sw4 9ns Clapham Common, London, United Kingdom

November/2011

"Student Exchange Agreement" - Signed by European Scientific Institute and University of the Azores, Portugal

November/2011

Cooperation with "PI - NET", Hungary (Postgraduate International Network)

October/2011

"Memo of Understanding" - Signed by European Scientific Institute and University of the Azores, Portugal

July/2011:

Common project with Univerzity "Grigol Robakidze", Tbilisi, Georgia "ESJ" July /Special/ edition vol.19 and vol.20

(Project coordinator: Mrs. Nino Kemertelidze, Mr. Jovan Shopovski)

June/2011:

Common Project with University "Aleksander Moisiu", Faculty of Education, Durres, Albania "ESJ" June /Special/ edition vol. 16 and vol.17.

(Project coordinator: Mr Edi Puka, Mr.Dejan Marolov)

May/2011:

Common Project with University "Aleksander Moisiu", Faculty for professional studies, Durres, Albania "ESJ" May /Special/ edition vol. 14.

(Project coordinator: Mrs. Kseanela Sotirofski, Mr. Dejan Marolov)

May/2011:

Cooperation with Faculty of Economics, University "Luigj Gurakuqi" , Shkoder, Albania

May/2011:

Cooperation with Faculty of Economics, University of Korca "Fan S Noli" , Albania

April/2011:

Common Project with University "Aleksander Moisiu", Faculty for professional studies, Durres, Albania, "ESJ" April /Special/ edition vol. 11 and vol.12 .

(Project coordinator: Mrs. Kseanela Sotirofski, Mr. Jovan Shopovski)

April/2011:

Conference organized by "Egalite" - Society for equal opportunities, Skopje, Macedonia.

 
Posted: 2012-06-20 More...
 
More Announcements...

Vol 14, No 29 (2018): ESJ OCTOBER EDITION

Table of Contents

Articles

Editorial Office
PDF
Etuk, Grace Reuben, Macpherson U. Nnam
PDF
1
Attila Virag
PDF
16
Jaccobed W. Maina, Zipporah Kaaria, Gregory Kivanguli
PDF
36
Jesús López Belmonte, Antonio José Moreno Guerrero, Arturo Fuentes Cabrera
PDF
53
Hadrian Gorun, Lucretia-Ileana Branescu
PDF
75
Assi Akotto Urich Odilon, Aloko-N’guessan Jerome
PDF
84
Arianna Di Vittorio
PDF
106
Kacem Lamyaa, Agoussine M’bark, Igmoullan Brahim, Amar Hicham, Mokhtari Soraya, Ait Brahim Yassine
PDF
119
Samaneh Ebrahimi Khasmakhi, Afshin Salahin
PDF
129
Innocents Kollo Bandibeno, Liliane Nkonga
PDF
138
Mahamat Alhadji
PDF
152
Coulibaly Doppon Ali
PDF
170
Judith Biirah, Alice Anika, Richard Simon Zigler
PDF
199
Shimels S. Belete
PDF
211
Héctor Franco Domínguez, Humberto Blanco Vega, Perla Jannet Jurado García, Susana Ivonne Aguirre Vásquez, José René Blanco Ornelas
PDF
231
Samah Ahmed Faried Mostafa
PDF
244
Oscar Armando Esparza-Del Villar, Rocío García-Hernández, Priscila Montañez-Alvarado, Irene Concepción Carrillo-Saucedo, Marisela Gutiérrez Vega
PDF
265
Ndabarushimana Alexis, Dushime Francine
PDF
281
Sacchidanand Majumder, Soma Chowdhury Biswas
PDF
301
Traore Massandjé, Crizoa Hermann, N’goran N’faissoh Franck Stéphane
PDF
315
Lekehal Hicham, Bouchelta Aziz, Benzougagh Brahim, Boukhari Taleb Roukia
PDF
332