European Scientific Journal, ESJ

13.000+ authors from all around the globe        Over 8 million website visits        Open Access


The “European Scientific Journal”, ESJ is a peer reviewed open access journal which accepts high quality research articles. The journal is issued monthly and is available to all researchers who are interested in publishing their scientific attainments. Supporting the concept of interdisciplinarity we welcome submissions in different academic areas. All articles must be in English, French or Spanish and have an English abstract.

In the past few years, thousands of academicians, from over 120 countries around the globe, have published their papers in the European Scientific Journal, ESJ. The excellent and agile team, composed of distinguished researchers, from more than 250 universities worldwide, is crucial to the prestigious status that our journal enjoys.

Every month, three issues of the ESJ are uploaded on our website, embracing different academic disciplines and facilitating the cutting edge concepts of interdisciplinarity, multidisciplinarity and transdisciplinarity. They are:

  • Issue 1: Economics, Law and Education
  • Issue 2: Humanities
  • Issue 3: Life Sciences


Journal Homepage Image

Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice

The European Scientific Journal (“ESJ”) is committed to upholding the highest standards of publication ethics and takes all possible measures against any publication malpractices. All authors submitting their works to the “ESJ” for publication as original articles attest that the submitted works represent their authors’ contributions and have not been copied or plagiarized in whole or in part from other works. The authors acknowledge that they have disclosed all and any actual or potential conflicts of interest with their work or partial benefits associated with it. In the same manner, the “ESJ” is committed to objective and fair peer - review of the submitted for publication works and to prevent any actual or potential conflict of interests between the editorial and review personnel and the reviewed material. Any departures from the above-defined rules should be reported directly to the Editor-in-Chief, who is unequivocally committed to providing swift resolutions to any of such a type of problems.


European Scientific Journal (ESJ)

ISSN: 1857 - 7881 (Print)
ISSN: 1857 - 7431 (Online)




Publisher: European Scientific Institute, ESI.
ESI cooperates with Universities and Academic Centres on 5 continents.







ESJ hard copies global dissemination. Photos arrived from Mexico. Share your photos with the ESJ editorial office.


ESI/ESJ signed an agreement for content preservation with Portico.


Cpanel Awstats: In the month of March 2016 ESJ website visits: 275,243 by people from 206 Countries or territories.


ESJ became a Crossref member. Every article will be entitled with specific DOI number.


ESJ Twitter account


ESJ Reviewer of the year 2015: Antoni Vidal Sune, Rovira i Virgili University, Spain and Gerry Coulter, Bishop’s University, Canada


ESJ/ESI became partners of World Academy of Art and Science


The European Scientific Journal has been included in the Polish Ministry of Education journals` list.


European Scientific Institute, ESI 5th Anniversary.


ESJ Editorial Board 2015


ESJ Special edition. Published papers of Pan-American Interdisciplinary Conference, 13-16 March 2015, Buenos Aires, Argentina.


ESJ Special edition. Published papers of Eurasian Forum on Law and Economics, 19-21 February 2015, Tbilisi, Georgia.


European Scientific Journal, ESJ submission 2014 map


European Scientific Institute, ESI becomes member of ICORE (International Community for Open Research and Education).


Memo of Understanding with Sakarya University/Institute of Educational Sciences, Turkey


Academic Cooperation established with DSEE/Bilkent University, Turkey


Academic Cooperation established with North West University, South Africa


Memorandum of Understanding signed with CITAD/Lusiada University, Lisbon, Portugal


Memorandum of Understanding with Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India


European Scientific Journal, ESJ`s editorial note.


European Scientific Institute, ESI and New York Institute of Tecnology/Center for Global Health, USA have signed Memo of Understanding.


European Scientific Institute, ESI, Promo Video


Cooperation with the Middle East University, Jordan


Cooperation with the University of Almeria, Spain


Cooperation with the University of Flores, Buenos Aires, Argentina


United Nations Academic Impact, membership


Damanhour University, Egypt, partnership


Memo of Understanding with IBAIS University, Bangladesh


Partnership established with University of Madeira, Portugal


Partnership established with UNESCO (World`s Science Day celebration)


Memo of understanding with Mykolas Romeris University, Lithuania


Memo of understanding with Cracow University of Economics, Poland


Memo of understanding with European University of Tirana, Albania


Memo of understanding with Santiago University, Cape Verde


Academic Cooperation established with Arab Open University, Lebanon

July /2013:

Memo of understanding with Botswana Accountancy College, Botswana

June /2013:

Memo of understanding with the European University of Tirana, Albania

May /2013:

ESJ`s Index Copernicus Value, ICV, 2011 = 5.09
European Scientific Journal - IndexCopernicus™ - Journals Master List

April /2013:

"ESJ`s representative office established at the University of the Azores, Portugal (Coordinator: Jose Noronha Rodrigues)

March /2013:

" Call for papers launched, ESJ`s special edition with the Grigol Robakidze University, Tbilisi Georgia" (Project Coordinators: Jovan Shopovski, Nino Kermetelidze)

February /2013:

"Call For Papers", ISF International Scientific Forum, December, 2013,  Tirana, Albania (

January /2013:

"Call For Papers", ESF, Eurasian Scientific FORUM, 24-26 Octiber, 2013,  Tbilisi, Georgia (


Scientific Cooperation with University "Stefan cel Mare", Suceava, Romania


Memo of understanding with Vitrina University, Tirana, Albania


“ESJ” website in September 2012 have been visited by more than 8.000 researchers from more than 60 countries worldwide.


Project: "ESJ" in Spanish. Authors can submit papers in Spanish (with English abstract) (Project coordinator: Mr. Cristian Redi, Professor at the University Torcuato Di Tella, Buenos Aires, Argentina)


"Call For Papers", AIIC Annual international interdisciplinary conference, 24, 25, 26 April, 2013,  Azores Islands, Portugal (


Project: "ESJ" in French. Authors can submit papers in French (with English abstract)
(Project coordinator: Mr. Bouabre Gnoka Modeste, Professor at the University of Cocody, Abidjan Ivory Cost)


Cooperation with GALE - A world leader in e-research and educational publishing


Memo of understanding with Jazan University, Saudi Arabia


EURODOC (European Council of doctoral candidates and junior researchers), Annual General Meeting, 21-25 March 2012, Krakow, Poland


Common project: Joint scientific edition with Univerzity "Grigol Robakidze", Tbilisi, Georgia "ESJ" February 2012 /Special/ edition Vol.8 No.2

(Project coordinator: Mrs. Nino Kemertelidze, Mr. Jovan Shopovski)


"Student Exchange Agreement" and "Memo of Understanding" - Signed by European Scientific Institute and University "Grigol Robakidze", Tbilisi, Georgia


New Office Of International Relations opened: 55 Park Hill Sw4 9ns Clapham Common, London, United Kingdom


"Student Exchange Agreement" - Signed by European Scientific Institute and University of the Azores, Portugal


Cooperation with "PI - NET", Hungary (Postgraduate International Network)


"Memo of Understanding" - Signed by European Scientific Institute and University of the Azores, Portugal


Common project with Univerzity "Grigol Robakidze", Tbilisi, Georgia "ESJ" July /Special/ edition vol.19 and vol.20

(Project coordinator: Mrs. Nino Kemertelidze, Mr. Jovan Shopovski)


Common Project with University "Aleksander Moisiu", Faculty of Education, Durres, Albania "ESJ" June /Special/ edition vol. 16 and vol.17.

(Project coordinator: Mr Edi Puka, Mr.Dejan Marolov)


Common Project with University "Aleksander Moisiu", Faculty for professional studies, Durres, Albania "ESJ" May /Special/ edition vol. 14.

(Project coordinator: Mrs. Kseanela Sotirofski, Mr. Dejan Marolov)


Cooperation with Faculty of Economics, University "Luigj Gurakuqi" , Shkoder, Albania


Cooperation with Faculty of Economics, University of Korca "Fan S Noli" , Albania


Common Project with University "Aleksander Moisiu", Faculty for professional studies, Durres, Albania, "ESJ" April /Special/ edition vol. 11 and vol.12 .

(Project coordinator: Mrs. Kseanela Sotirofski, Mr. Jovan Shopovski)


Conference organized by "Egalite" - Society for equal opportunities, Skopje, Macedonia.

Posted: 2012-06-20 More...
More Announcements...

Vol 12, No 15 (2016): ESJ May Edition

Table of Contents


Why the Glove of Mathematics Fits the Hand of the Natural Sciences So Well :How Far Down the (Fibonacci) Rabbit Hole Goes PDF
David F. Haight
The Longitudinal Study Of Medical And Health Care Students’ Experiences And Attitudes Towards Interprofessional Learning In First Semester Course PDF
Tiina Tervaskanto-Maentausta, Tanja Nordstrom, Essi Varkki, Anja Taanila
Comparison Between Different Endodontic Irrigating Protocols In Smear Layer Removal From Radicular Dentin PDF
Ramona Vlad, Monika Kovacs, Dragos Sita, Mihai Pop
Assessment of Carbon Metabolism of Cherry Tomato Fruits: How Does Affects Potassium Biofortification During Crop Cycle at Postharvest Storage? PDF
Christian Constan-Aguilar, Luis Romero, Begona Blasco, Juan Manuel Ruiz, Teresa Soriano
Accelerating the National Implementation of Electronic Health Records in Canada PDF
Monique J. Francois, Ebere Ellison Obisike
Intermittent Prediction Method Based On Marcov Method And Grey Prediction Method PDF
Aiping Jiang, Junjun Gao, Ying Wan, Xinyi Zhao, Siqi Shan
The Impact Of Psychological Characteristics On The Effectiveness Of Motivational Interviewing Based Psychological Counseling PDF
Raimonda Petroliene, Liuda Sinkariova, Dalia Karpovaite, Loreta Zajanckauskaite-Staskeviciene, Jurga Misiuniene, Laura Alciauskaite
Inhibition of GSK3β Modulates Cell Death in Epithelial Ovarian Cancer PDF
Naeha Pathak, Tyler Walther, Noelle Cutter
Analyzing Competition In Pharmaceutical Sector – With A Case Study Of Albania PDF
Lorena Balili
Etude De L’impact De La Consanguinité Sur La Santé Des Descendants Dans La Population De Tiflet (Maroc) PDF
Abbad Zhour, Drissi Ahmed, Abdelmajid Soulaymani, Khadmaoui Abderrazak, Oukarroum Abdallah
Uso De Un Polímero Hidrófilo A Base De Poliacrilamida Para Mejorar La Eficiencia En El Uso Del Agua PDF
Jesús López-Elías, Sergio Garza O., José Jiménez L., Marco Antonio Huez L., Oscar Damián Garrido L.
Credit Scoring for M-Shwari using Hidden Markov Model PDF
Ntwiga, Davis Bundi, Weke Patrick
Caractérisations Structurale, Floristique Et Biomasse Ligneuse Du Peuplement À Hagenia abyssinica Du Parc National De Kahuzi-Biega (Rift Albertin, RDC) PDF
Imani Mugisho Gérard, Zapfack Louis, Mangambu Mokoso Jean De Dieu, Penedimanja Pancrace, Mwanga Mwanga Ithe Jean-Claude, Boyemba Faustin, Amani Christian
Evaluation Exhaustive De La Diversité Des Plantes Aromatiques Et Médicinales De La Péninsule Tingitane (Maroc) PDF
Mohamed Ouziki, Lahcen Taiqui
Sound Levels And Spectra At Ikot Uduak (MCC) Timber Market, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria PDF
Okoro, R.C., Bassey D.E., Umunnah, R.A.
Theoretical Investigation Of The Insulator-Metal Transition Point Of Nickel Monoxide PDF
Osarodion Ebomwonyi, John O. A. Idiodi
Typology Of Cattle Herds In Transhumance In The Classified Forest Of Upper Alibori Northern Benin PDF
Alassan Assani Seidou, Ibrahim Alkoiret Traore, Marcel Houinato, Guy Apollinaire Mensah
Factors Influencing Strategic Information Systems Implementation In Government Parastatals: A Case Of Kenya Forest Service, Mau Forest Conservancy PDF
Dorothy C. Koech, Evangeline M. Gichunge, Ann Thuo
Étude Des Aspects Épidémiologiques Du Choléra Dans Le District De Santé De Tcholliré (Nord- Cameroun) PDF
Justin Ndié, Isaac Bayoro, Isidore Takoukam, Paul Wina
Application Géomatique Pour La Cartographie De La Vulnérabilité Environnementale Engendrée Par Les Déchets Miniers De La Mine Ferrifere De Nador (Nord-est du Maroc) PDF
Mohamed Lakrim, Laila Mesrar, Omar El Aroussi, Raouf Jabrane
Validation D’un Questionnaire De Satisfaction Évaluant La Qualité Des Services Dans Les Hôpitaux De La Région Du Grand Casablanca PDF
Imane Raji, Naima Mohssine, Abdelaziz Chaouch
Caracterisation Des Boues De Sucrerie Et Des Argiles Pour La Neutralisation Des Residus Miniers De La Mine De Kettara (Jebilet Centrales, Maroc) PDF
Youssef Zerhouni, Saida Alikouss, Najib Saber, Samiha Nfissi, Ghalem Zahour, Zouhir Baroudi, Mohamed Samir
Graphical User Interface Features In Building Attractive And Successful Websites PDF
Ahmed Mahdee Abdo, Sardar Hasan Alali
Caracterisation Agro-Morphologique Des Accessions D’arachide (Arachis Hypogaea L.) Pour La Teneur En Huile PDF
Alleidi Issa, Hamidou Falalou, Younoussa O. M., Bakasso Yacoubou, Zongo Jean Didier
Comparative Study Of Fastness Properties And Color Absorbance Criteria Of Conventional And Avitera Reactive Dyeing On Cotton Knit Fabric PDF
Md. Abu Sufian, Md.Abdul Hannan, Md. Masud Rana, Muhmmad Zanibul Huq
Signification Des Structures N-S Du Plateau Des Aït Maghlif (Region D’eç-Çour, Versant Meridional Du Massif Ancien Du Haut Atlas, Maroc) PDF
Anas Emran, Fida Medina
Etude Des Facteurs De Risque De L’obésité Chez Le Personnel Du CHUD/Borgou à Parakou (Bénin) en 2013 PDF
CA Dovonou, F Gounongbe, AV Hinson, CA Alassani, CA Attinsounon, FT Tognon, FV Guedou, A Azon-Kouanou, DM Zannou, F Houngbe, B Fayomi
The Effect Of Video Based Simulation Training On Neonatal Examination Competency Among Turkish Nursing Students PDF
Gul Pinar, Ayse Akin, Halime Abay
Effect Of Light Environment On Harvest Quality And Postharvest Behavior Of Minimally Processed Sweet Pepper PDF
Diana Frezza, Aina M. Pons Miquel, Veronica Logegaray, Adrian P. Leon, Angel Chiesa, D.
Évaluation Ducoefficient De Frottement Dans Le Cas D’un Écoulement À Surface Libre PDF
Lahmar Karim, Jean-Pierre Larue
Catastrophic Health Expenditures And Impoverishment In Kenya PDF
Diana N. Kimani, Mercy G. Mugo, Urbanus M. Kioko
adi sucipto ngrumpi reportase pers

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European Scientific Journal (ESJ)

ISSN: 1857 - 7881 (Print)
ISSN: 1857 - 7431 (Online)



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Publisher: European Scientific Institute, ESI.
ESI cooperates with Universities and Academic Centres on 5 continents.